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What is Strategic Management? Here’s A Professional’s Guide

what is strategic management

Relentless change and severe competition are hallmarks of today’s business environment. Those who adapt thrive; those who don’t find their way into oblivion. That’s why project leaders should always stay up-to-date on the latest tools and techniques to develop the most competitive strategies.

But what is strategic management?

If you want to learn some fundamentals of effective strategic management, this guide is for you. Keep reading as we navigate the intricate domain of strategic management while offering a glimpse into a project management program for those wanting to pursue a career in this field.

What the Experts Are Saying

According to a Deloitte survey, 89 percent of global businesses rank adapting their strategy to suit evolving customer demands as their top priority for staying relevant.

In another study by Oxford Economics and the IBM Institute for Business Value, a staggering 90 percent of Indian start-ups fail due to a lack of innovative technology and novel business strategies. Effective strategic management, bolstered by adept project management, infuses innovation and effectiveness into an organization’s ventures.

Strategic management steers firms with adaptive decisions amid dynamic market forces. According to research by the government of Australia, businesses excelling in strategy show innovation, collaboration-seeking, supply chain resolution, and elevated productivity.

Also Read: Top Project Manager Interview Questions and Answers

What Is Strategic Management?

Strategic management refers to the planning, managing, and utilizing resources to establish and effectively accomplish goals. It entails an assessment of the internal operations and external factors affecting the company, setting clear objectives, and aligning resources effectively.

It entails evaluating internal and external factors, setting clear objectives, and aligning resources effectively. It includes periodic assessments and adaptations to ensure the company’s strategies remain relevant and aligned with its objectives. It ensures long-term success and a competitive edge by fusing long-term vision with tactical execution.

Why Is Strategic Management Important?

In the business world, where change is constant and competition fierce, leveraging the benefits of strategic management becomes imperative. The following are the financial and non-financial benefits of strategic planning and management.

Financial Benefits

Enhanced Revenue Generation

Strategic management fosters investor engagement for long-term support while accelerating revenue growth through critical operational enhancements.

Profit Maximization

Strategic hierarchies allow managers to make decisions based on departmental insights, resulting in effective, profit-focused plans.

Solvency Management

Strategic analysis of balance sheets ensures long-term solvency, improved growth opportunities, and optimal cost sustainability.

Liquidity Oversight

Strategic cash flow management fosters congruence with long-term goals and prevents possible liquidity issues before they arise.

Legal Risk Reduction

By including thorough rules and procedures, strategic management helps to promote a compliant workplace while proactively addressing legal weaknesses.

Non-Financial Benefits

Goal-Oriented Ambition Creation

By directing resource allocation and well-informed decision-making, strategic management assists businesses in establishing clear objectives that are in line with their mission.

Competitor Analysis

Through detailed competitor research, strategic management provides a competitive edge, enabling improved company strategies that boost overall business efficiency and accelerate the achievement of goals.

Issue Identification

Evaluation of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT analysis) has several advantages. With this knowledge at hand, businesses make tactical changes.

Talent Enhancement Strategy

Strategic management empowered by project management training improves recruiting by attracting top talent and creating an environment that leads to employee satisfaction

Improvements in Decision-Making

Strategic management enables quick decisions aligned with long-term objectives, facilitating effective resource allocation, investments, and project alignment.

Also Read: What Is Problem Solving in Project Management?

How Does Strategic Management Work?

The strategic management process elaborates and includes various steps and methodologies to ensure a company’s success and competitive advantage.

Here’s a breakdown of how it works:

  1. Setting Goals and Defining Objectives

Establishing the organization’s long-term goals and objectives is the first step in strategic management. These aims steer the actions of the organization and its objectives for expansion.

  1. Analysis of Competitors

Analyzing competitors’ actions and tactics is crucial to the strategic management process. The market trends, competitive advantages, and prospective opportunities for differentiation are all identified through this study.

  1. Internal Structure Review

Companies evaluate their internal structure, resources, and capabilities. The assessment helps identify the company’s strengths, weaknesses, and areas that need improvement.

  1. Strategy Evaluation

Current strategies are carefully examined to ensure they support the company’s goals. This entails evaluating the efficacy of current strategies and determining where adjustments are needed.

  1. Implementing Company-Wide Strategies

Translating strategies into concrete actions that affect the entire business is necessary for effective strategic management. Strategies must be articulated and implemented at all levels to achieve the intended results.

Although upper management is crucial to implementing a plan, innovative ideas can come from any level within the company. Companies often hire strategists whose primary responsibility is to conceptualize and create strategies to improve organizational function.

Phases of Strategic Management

Companies use many interrelated phases in strategic management to create, execute, and assess their strategy. These steps give companies a disciplined way to move through the process of making strategic decisions.

Depending on the source, the precise terminology and number of phases may differ significantly, but in general, the strategic management process consists of the following phases:

1. Environmental Analysis

This phase involves looking at internal and external environments to identify opportunities, threats, and the organization’s strengths and weaknesses. This analysis assists in determining factors that affect the company’s strategy.

2. Strategy Formulation

Companies develop plans at this phase based on the information gained through environmental analysis. This process includes setting long-term goals and objectives, recognizing competitive advantages, and selecting strategies that support the company’s goals and objectives.

3. Strategy Implementation

Once the company develops the strategies, the next step is the implementation of these strategies. This phase involves allocating resources, designing organizational structures, creating action plans, and putting the chosen tactics into effect across all levels and departments of the organization.

4. Strategy Execution

Execution involves putting the plans and actions into practice. Excellent communication, coordination, and resource management are required to implement the plan as intended.

5. Monitoring and Control

During this phase, the company continuously monitors the progress and outcomes of the strategy execution. It involves monitoring key performance indicators (KPIs) and comparing the outcomes achieved with those anticipated. If discrepancies arise, the company will adjust to ensure the strategy stays on track.

6. Strategic Evaluation

After a certain period of time, organizations assess the overall effectiveness of the implemented strategy. This entails comparing the final outcomes to the original objectives and goals. Companies may need to reevaluate and modify their strategies if the strategy hasn’t delivered on expectations.

7. Feedback and Learning

This final phase involves learning from the implemented strategy’s outcomes, successes, and failures. Future strategic management processes can be made better using the evaluation’s feedback. The company can improve its plans and decision-making processes using the lessons gained.

It’s crucial to remember that these phases are not always sequential and that internal or external environmental changes may cause them to overlap or call for reconsideration. A dynamic and iterative process is essential to effective strategic management because it allows companies to respond to evolving circumstances, maintain competitiveness, and accomplish long-term objectives.

Also Read: What Is Quality Assurance in Project Management?

Types of Strategic Management

There are two main types — prescriptive and descriptive.

Prescriptive Strategic Management

It involves creating strategies ahead of organizational problems. Organizations foresee problems and plan on how to solve them.

Strategic Descriptive Management

It focuses on implementing processes into practice in response to special situations or requirements. Strategies are modified and put into action in response to the real-time situation.

Descriptive and prescriptive strategic management are based on renowned management theories and practices. These techniques offer frameworks for making decisions, allocating resources, and achieving objectives.

Let’s take a deeper dive now.

Businesses can use several techniques to navigate unique challenges and opportunities. Each kind focuses on various organizational components, ranging from overall strategy to specific operations, allowing companies to achieve alignment, growth, and long-term competitive advantage.

Corporate-Level Strategy

Aiming to maximize the portfolio of businesses under a single corporate umbrella, this type of strategy entails decisions on the scope of operations across numerous industries or marketplaces.

Business-Level Strategy

This strategy concerns how a business unit competes in its own sector, assessing elements like uniqueness or cost leadership.

Functional-Level Strategy

Focuses on specific organizational departments or functions, coordinating their operations to support overarching corporate goals.

Competitive Strategy

The focus of competitive strategy is to provide the organization with a competitive edge in a particular market by placing it in relation to competitors through pricing, product differentiation, or innovation.

Cooperative Strategy

It involves working together, forming alliances, or joining forces with other organizations to achieve shared objectives and strengthen competitive advantage.

Growth strategy

Aims to grow the company organically by gaining market share or diversifying into new products or markets.

Retrenchment Strategy

Used frequently during financial challenges, it entails reducing or reorganizing activities to increase efficiency.

Stability Strategy

Maintaining present company operations and scope is the major goal of the stability strategy, which is appropriate when the external environment is mostly stable.

Combination Strategy

Utilizes a combination of strategies to solve various business problems within a company.

International Strategy

Includes decisions on growing operations beyond native markets, considering factors like entry modes and adaptation to foreign cultures.

Examples of Strategic Planning and Management

Strategic planning and management guide a company’s path to its envisioned future through clear objectives, action plans, resource allocation, and adaptive execution, ensuring proactive adaptation to changing circumstances.

The following are a few real-life examples of how strategic management assists companies to innovate and grow in a competitive business world.

1. Reliance Industries, India

Reliance Industries, led by Mukesh Ambani, strategically launched Jio in 2016, disrupting India’s telecom market with affordable 4G services. Their expansion into retail and backward integration in petrochemicals showed strong strategic management.

The conglomerate’s emphasis on innovation, demonstrated by its foray into renewable energy, demonstrates its capacity to traverse multiple sectors for sustained growth.

2. Alibaba, China

Under Jack Ma’s strategic direction, Alibaba Group is a prime example of strategic management in China. Alibaba benefited from the expanding e-commerce trend by developing websites like Taobao and Tmall.

The corporation increased its market footprint by investing in several industries, including fintech and cloud computing. Alibaba’s foreign efforts, including the Belt and Road collaboration, show off its strategic vision of supporting innovation and growth while staying aligned with regional and global economic trends.

3. Emaar Properties, UAE

The UAE’s Emaar Properties is a model of superior strategic management. The company took advantage of Dubai’s ambitions to establish itself as a major international hub by building famous buildings like the Burj Khalifa.

Emaar showed strategic insight by expanding into the hospitality industry with names like Address Hotels. Through initiatives like Dubai Mall, Emaar strategically supports the diversification of the UAE’s economy and the expansion of tourism.

4. Afterpay, Australia

Australia’s “buy now, pay later” fintech company Afterpay exemplifies recent strategic management success. Afterpay quickly gained popularity by taking advantage of the shift in customer preferences toward flexible payment choices.

Its user base was increased through strategic alliances with other retailers. This concluded with Square purchasing the business, establishing a worldwide leader in financial technology, and demonstrating strategic flexibility in responding to shifting market factors.

Also Read: What are PDUs in PMI? An Explainer

Careers in Strategic Management

Strategic management careers involve crafting and executing growth-oriented strategies, demanding analytical thinking, innovation, and collaboration to drive organizational success in a dynamic business environment.

The following roles embed strategic planning and management as a central component:

Corporate Strategy Advisor

A specialist who helps businesses define their long-term goals and competitive orientation. They create plans that align with corporate objectives and market trends, assisting the company in remaining competitive and flexible.

Business Analyst

A role focused on analyzing business operations, processes, and data to identify opportunities for improvement. By offering insights and data-driven suggestions, business analysts support strategic decision-making.

Business Development Manager

Tasked with identifying growth opportunities, partnerships, and market expansion strategies. They create strategies to boost sales and brand recognition, which propels the company’s overall strategic expansion.

Management Consultant

A specialist who offers firms specialized guidance on boosting productivity and performance. They evaluate existing strategies, identify shortcomings, and suggest changes to help the company reach its objectives.

Strategy Manager

In charge of directing the creation and implementation of organizational strategic initiatives. They work with numerous departments to promote the company’s growth and ensure alignment with its long-term objectives.

The Importance of Strategic Management Certification

A strategic management course provides several advantages, including the growth of innovative thinking, strategic problem-solving abilities, knowledge and skill expansion, and leadership abilities.

Demonstrated Expertise

An accreditation demonstrates expertise in developing and carrying out corporate strategies. It exhibits an in-depth understanding of the market dynamics, the level of competition, and internal resources—skills essential for making decisions that will lead to success.

Competitive Edge

In a competitive job market, strategic management certification stands out, demonstrating dedication to growth. The competition for strategic jobs differentiates professionals and appeals to recruiters looking for individuals dedicated to continual learning.

Comprehensive Skill Set

A strategic management certification provides people with a comprehensive skill set, including leadership, risk management, financial analysis, and strategic planning. These varied abilities influence sound strategic choices and strengthen business acumen.


Certified strategic managers thrive in dynamic environments. They can quickly identify risks, leverage opportunities, and capitalize on emerging trends. This adaptability is important in today’s fast-paced marketplaces, where agility is crucial for relevance.

Cross-Functional Collaboration

Collaboration across departments is frequently necessary for effective strategic choices. The promotion of cohesion and alignment for a coordinated organizational strategy is facilitated by strategic management certification, which improves communication with many stakeholders.

Project Management Integration

Strategic execution is strengthened by integrating project management skills training. Due to project management abilities, strategic plans are translated into workable projects with timeframes, resources, and milestones. This interplay makes it easier to carry out strategies effectively.

Continued Learning

Certified strategic managers prioritize ongoing learning to maintain their credentials. This dedication guarantees they stay abreast of market trends and best practices, allowing them to successfully incorporate the newest knowledge into their strategic positions.

Key Takeaway

Strategic management helps firms adapt and thrive in constant change and intense competition. It is crucial to adjust strategy to meet the demands of customers. Effective project management encourages creativity.

Strategic management synchronizes resources with goals to guarantee long-term success. Proactive adaptation is made possible by the process, which includes goal-setting, analysis, execution, and feedback. A project management certification equips professionals with adaptable strategy skills for impactful roles in dynamic industries.

You might also like to read:

Understanding Scope in Project Management: Definition and Importance

Project Management Risks to Watch For

10 Tips on How to Increase Productivity in the Workplace

How to Create a Project Plan: A Beginner’s Guide

5 Project Management Steps You Need to Know

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